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In issue 309 -
When an Older Parrot Has Never Learned Skilful Flight – Complete Psittacine by Eb Cravens
In issue 309 -
Scarlet Macaws – were they really bred by indigenous people in the 12th century? Rosemary Low asks the question
In issue 309 -
Understanding the link between nutrition, hormonal behaviours and the avian endocrine system, Part 1 – The Holistic Parrot by Leslie Moran
In issue 309 -
The Yellow-eared Parrot – continues to expand its range in Colombia. By David Waugh, Correspondent, Loro Parque Fundación
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 The October 2023 edition of Parrots magazine (issue 309) will be available to download from 13th September via a link which will be emailed to subscribers. Single copies will be available from our online shop. You can save money by subscribing – find out more here.

More great enrichment ideas…


by Pauline James

Companion and breeding parrots need enrichment in their lives on a daily basis if they are to thrive in captivity. Make it your way of life, to make their way of life, better.

Environmental enrichment by definition is the provision of stimuli which promotes the expression of a species’ appropriate behavioural and mental activities in a captive situation. This is achieved by providing a stimulating environment as close as possible to that found naturally by their wild counterparts. Enrichment activities encourage a bird’s natural behaviour, helping to restore or develop their natural instincts and make life in captivity more fulfilling and enjoyable.

Keeping this in mind, enrichment activities should be designed to improve the welfare of the birds by reducing the levels of abnormal situations and forced behaviours and encourage natural and instinctual behaviours. Careful positioning of housing, good quality exercise and flying space, and good quality foraging opportunities, all help to satisfy their behavioural needs and optimise their levels of stimulation. Social interaction particularly of breeding pairs is one way of providing greater enrichment when they are not breeding, and helps to promote the normal development of offspring.

Read more in the magazine…




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