Cart Is Empty
In issue 311 -
Unique voice print in parrots – By The Max Planck Society, Behavioural Biology Cognitive Research
In issue 311 -
Endangered Parrots – 40 years on – By Rosemary Low
In issue 311 -
An Endangered Mexican Parrot – thriving in urban areas of south Texas – By GrrlScientist Senior Contributor at Forbes, evolutionary & behavioural ecologist, ornithologist & science writer
In issue 311 -
Human-altered habitat spurs nesting innovations in neotropical parrots – By David Waugh Correspondent, Loro Parque Fundación
Subscribe To Parrots Magazine - Don't miss a thing

The Holistic Parrot by Leslie Moran

Parrots magazine 159

Over-Supplementation Malnutrition

Malnutrition is caused by an imbalance of nutrients, deficiencies or excesses.  When creating diet and nutritional plans for parrots, ensuring an exacting balance of nutrients is more important for them than any other companion animals I have worked with.

In order to prevent vitamin toxicity in your birds, you must monitor levels of vitamins A, D3 and C in the diet that are in formulated pellet diets and supplements.  Vitamins A and D3 are fat-soluble vitamins.  They are dispersed and stored in fat, any excesses remain in the body and can cause toxicity problems (hypervitaminosis).  Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin, and because of this, it cannot be stored in the body. In many species, excess vitamin C easily travels out of the body in excreta.  I have not located any publications documenting this self-regulating ability in parrots.

Read more in the magazine…

Buy a copy now!




Invalid Name
Invalid email address
Please identify how you found us
Invalid Input

Subscribe Now!

Subscribe to parrots magazine

subscribe today. The best most widely read magazine for parrot lovers.


Our Address

Parrots magazine is published by
Imax Visual Ltd, West Building,
Elm Grove Lane, Steyning BN44 3SA

Telephone +44 (0)1273 464777
© Parrots magazine 2023