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In issue 309 -
When an Older Parrot Has Never Learned Skilful Flight – Complete Psittacine by Eb Cravens
In issue 309 -
Scarlet Macaws – were they really bred by indigenous people in the 12th century? Rosemary Low asks the question
In issue 309 -
Understanding the link between nutrition, hormonal behaviours and the avian endocrine system, Part 1 – The Holistic Parrot by Leslie Moran
In issue 309 -
The Yellow-eared Parrot – continues to expand its range in Colombia. By David Waugh, Correspondent, Loro Parque Fundación
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Clay Licks of South America by Bob Alison

Parrots magazine 157

Mineral clay licks, or colpas, are critical elements of neotropical psittacid ecology. Accumulating information confirms clay licks have a high degree of individuality, often with very unique dynamics, structure, location and chemistry. Scientists are coming to suspect that no two clay licks are identical.

Some are comparatively large, such as the 300-metre long Tambopata Clay Lick near Puerto Maldonado in Peru, comprising several subsections, each with its own microecology. Others are comparatively small, only a few metres in diameter. Researchers agree there are inestimable numbers of colpas scattered across the neotropical psittacid ranges. Some are prominently located along the banks of large rivers, main highly visible and easily accessible by ecotourists, while others are hidden deep in jungles.

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