Cart Is Empty
In issue 311 -
Unique voice print in parrots – By The Max Planck Society, Behavioural Biology Cognitive Research
In issue 311 -
Endangered Parrots – 40 years on – By Rosemary Low
In issue 311 -
An Endangered Mexican Parrot – thriving in urban areas of south Texas – By GrrlScientist Senior Contributor at Forbes, evolutionary & behavioural ecologist, ornithologist & science writer
In issue 311 -
Human-altered habitat spurs nesting innovations in neotropical parrots – By David Waugh Correspondent, Loro Parque Fundación
Subscribe To Parrots Magazine - Don't miss a thing

Parrots e-Mag Subscriptions


Home eMag subs image

Great Low Prices

 How would you like to have your Parrots eMag subscription delivered straight onto your device? We provide a service to do just that.

Visit our e-Mag subscriptions page to register now.


Subscribe and Save

Understanding nutrition, and the avian endocrine system, Part 2

Spreads for web Parrots 278 4

The Holistic Parrot by Leslie Moran

Before we delve into how hormones can influence behaviours and the specific nutritional needs of the endocrine system let’s refer back to this column in last month’s (October) issue when the avian endocrine system was covered in detail. We explained the three types of hormones and their functions, lipid-derived, amino acid-derived and peptide-derived. The importance of avoiding endocrine disrupting chemicals was introduced and we identified and detailed high fat and simple carbohydrate problematic foods.

In the “Encyclopedia of Animal Behaviour”, the author explains that this relationship is bidirectional, meaning that hormones can affect behaviour, and behaviour can feedback to influence hormone concentrations. Hormones are chemical messengers released from endocrine glands that influence the nervous system to regulate the physiology and behaviour of individuals with hormones also changing gene expression and the way cells can function.

Estrogens also act in several regions of the brain to regulate a variety of behaviours and nervous system functions unrelated to mating. These include including mood, awareness and understanding, pain, seizures, sensorimotor integration (task specific physical movements) and energy balance.

Buy Now!




Invalid Name
Invalid email address
Please identify how you found us
Invalid Input

Subscribe Now!

Subscribe to parrots magazine

subscribe today. The best most widely read magazine for parrot lovers.


Our Address

Parrots magazine is published by
Imax Visual Ltd, West Building,
Elm Grove Lane, Steyning BN44 3SA

Telephone +44 (0)1273 464777
© Parrots magazine 2023