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In issue 297 -
The emotional link between you and your birds. The Holistic Parrot by Leslie Moran
In issue 297 -
10 Things I’ve Learned From My Parrots. By Diana Altman
In issue 297 -
Lear’s Macaw – Celebrating extraordinary wild and captive successes. By Rosemary Low
In issue 297 -
About My Parrots’ Drinking Water. Complete Psittacine by Eb Cravens
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Meeting the Five Freedoms for Captive Pet Parrots

Spreads for web 5

by Daniel Calvo Carrasco

The 'five freedoms' outline five aspects of animal welfare under human care. The five freedoms were developed in 1965 after an investigation commissioned by the UK government, and were formalised six years later. At the time, concerns were raised about the welfare of intensively farmed animals, a clear example of that was the book called Animal Machines, from Ruth Harrison, published in 1964. The investigation, led by Professor Roger Brambell, listed a few recommendations.

Back in those days, little consideration for the wellbeing of animals was taken into account in a fast developing industry, and some of the statements were pioneering in animal welfare at the time. A good example was the following statement:

"An animal should at least have sufficient freedom of movement to be able, without difficulty, to turn round, groom itself, get up, lie down and stretch its limbs". As a result of the report, the Farm Animal Welfare Advisory Committee was created to monitor the livestock production sector.

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